Where is Russia?

Russia (Russian: Россия, Rossija) is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia.

Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation, is a sovereign state in northern Eurasia. At 17,075,200 square kilometers (6,592,800 sq mi), covering more than one eighth of Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 146.6 million people at the end of March 2016. Extending across the entirety of northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait.

From north to south the East European Plain, also known as Russian Plain, is clad sequentially in Arctic tundra, coniferous forest (taiga), mixed and broad-leaf forests, grassland (steppe), and semi-desert (fringing the Caspian Sea), as the changes in vegetation reflect the changes in climate. Siberia supports a similar sequence but is largely taiga. Russia has the world's largest forest reserves, known as "the lungs of Europe", second only to the Amazon Rainforest in the amount of carbon dioxide it absorbs.
There are 266 mammal species and 780 bird species in Russia. A total of 415 animal species have been included in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation as of 1997 and are now protected.

The weather in Russia

The climate of Russia is formed under the influence of several determining factors. The enormous size of the country and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the continental climate, which is prevalent in European and Asian Russia except for the tundra and the extreme southeast. Mountains in the south obstructing the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean and the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences.

Here is the sample temperature table for 2 cities.

Moscow

°F JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
MAX 25 25 37 52 66 72 76 71 60 48 34 27
MIN 16 14 24 36 46 54 58 55 45 37 26 18

Vladivostok

°F JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
MAX 15 21 34 48 57 63 70 74 67 55 37 21
MIN 1 7 21 34 43 51 60 64 55 42 24 9

Currency of Russia

The currency of Russia is Russian Ruble. Official term is RUB. The Russian Ruble was the currency of the Russian Empire and of the Soviet Union before its dissolution. Belarus and Transnistria use currencies with the same name. The ruble is subdivided into 100 kopeks (1 RUB = 1,000 RUR).

1 and 5 kopek coins are rarely used (especially the 1 kopek coin) due to their low value and in some cases may not be accepted by stores or individuals. In some cases, the 10 kopek coin is disregarded (refused by individuals but is accepted by vendors and is mandatory for offer in exchange).

SIGHTS INFORMATION

Moscow

Moscow (ˈmɒskaʊ/; Russian: Москва́) is the capital and most populous city of the Russian Federation, with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area. Moscow has the status of a Russian federal city.

Moscow is a major political, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city entirely on the European continent. By broader definitions Moscow is among the world's largest cities, being the 14th largest metro area, the 18th largest agglomeration, the 15th largest urban area, and the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide. Moscow is the northernmost and coldest megacity and metropolis on Earth. It is home to the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free standing structure in Europe; the Federation Tower, the tallest skyscraper in Europe; and the Moscow International Business Center.

Red Square (Moscow Area)

Red Square (Russian: Кра́сная пло́щадь) is a city square (plaza) in Moscow, Russia. It separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and currently the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod. Red Square is often considered the central square of Moscow since Moscow's major streets, which connect to Russia's major highways, originate from the square.
The square itself is around 330 meters (1,080 feet) long and 70 meters (230 feet) wide.

The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed (Moscow Area)

The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed (Russian: Собор Василия Блаженного), commonly known as Saint Basil's Cathedral, is a church in Red Square in Moscow, Russia.
The building is shaped as a flame of a bonfire rising into the sky, a design that has no analogues in Russian architecture. Dmitry Shvidkovsky, in his book Russian Architecture and the West, states that "it is like no other Russian building. Nothing similar can be found in the entire millennium of Byzantine tradition from the fifth to fifteenth century.

Bolshoi Theatre (Moscow Area)

The Bolshoi Theatre (Russian: Большо́й теа́тр) is a historic theatre in Moscow, Russia, designed by architect Joseph Bové, which holds performances of ballet and opera. The theatre's original name was the Imperial Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow, while the St. Petersburg Bolshoi Theatre (demolished in 1886), was called the Imperial Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre.

Kubinka Tank Museum (Moscow Area)

The Kubinka Tank Museum is a large military museum where tanks and armored fighting vehicles(AFVs) and their relevant information are displayed and showcased at in Kubinka, Odintsovsky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia. The museum consists of open-air and indoor permanent exhibitions of many famous tanks and armored vehicles from throughout the 20th and 21st centuries (between 1917 to the present day). It is also known to house and display many unique and one-of-a-kind military vehicles, such as the German Panzer VIII Maus super-heavy tank, the Troyanov heavy tank and a Karl-Gerät heavy self-propelled artillery, amongst other single or limited-production prototypes from the Soviet Union and Germany.

Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg is a world-class destination and Russia's second largest city.
The city was formerly known as Petrograd, and later Leningrad
This is one of the most breathtakingly beautiful places on earth and virtually any building in the large historic center, threaded with canals dotted with baroque bridges, can be considered an attraction—and indeed, it is a UNESCO World Heritage site. This is a magical city, with a long list of major attractions. Its Hermitage Museum, housed in the Winter Palace of the Romanov Dynasty, is both one of the world's greatest and oldest collections of art, treasure, and antiquities, and one of its most beautiful buildings.

Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood (Saint Petersburg Area)

The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood (Russian: Церковь Спаса на Крови) is one of the main sights of St. Petersburg, Russia. Other names include the Church on Spilled Blood, the Temple of the Savior on Spilled Blood and the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ.
This Church was built on the site where Emperor Alexander II was fatally wounded in March 1881. The church was built between 1883 and 1907. The construction was funded by the imperial family.

Catherine Palace and Park (Saint Petersburg Area)

The Catherine Palace (Russian: Екатерининский дворец) is a Rococo palace located in the town of Tsarskoye Selo (Pushkin), 30 km south of St. Petersburg, Russia. It was the summer residence of the Russian tsars.

State Hermitage Museum and Winter Palace (Saint Petersburg Area)

The State Hermitage Museum (Russian: Госуда́рственный Эрмита́ж) is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia. One of the largest and oldest museums in the world, it was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great and has been open to the public since 1852.

Military Historical Artillery Museum (Saint Petersburg Area)

The Military Historical Museum of Artillery (Russian: Военно-исторический музей артиллерии), also known simply as the Artillery Museum, is a state-owned military museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Its collections, consisting of Russian military equipment, uniforms and decorations, are hosted in the Kronverk (a crownwork) of the Peter and Paul Fortress situated on the right bank of the Neva near Alexander Park. The museum is managed by the Russian Ministry of Defense.

Khabarovsk

Khabarovsk (Russian: Хаба́ровск) is a city on the Amur river in the Russian Far East, near the Chinese border. Often overlooked due to its proximity to Vladivostok, Khabarovsk could easily be a highlight in the long line of predominately dull cities along the Trans-Siberian. But while most cities look their best when the sun is out, only in few is the effect as profound as in Khabarovsk – attractive parks, beaches, outdoor beer tents with live music, pretty girls promenading and classic architecture awaits if the weather gods favor you.

Khabarovsk Regional Museum (Khabarovsk Area)

Archaeological section was established on the basis of the Khabarovsk Regional museum in 1998.It is located in a separate building that belonged the merchant Luebben, the owner of the brewery. The museum's archaeological funds contain over 160 000 articles. 1200 of them such as Sykachi-Alyan petrogliphs are unique.

Spaso-Preobrazhenskii Cathedral (Khabarovsk Area)

Cathedral of the Transfiguration (Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral, Преображенский Кафедральный собор), Lenina St. Christianity is alive and well in Russia, as this golden domed church towering above Khabarovsk is evidence of. Only completed in 2004, at 83 meters it's the 3rd tallest church in all of Rusia - inside it's not that impressive, just large. The monastery, or rather the Theological Seminary, right next to it is also worth a look a brief look from the outside. Opposite, facing the Amur is a war memorial "Вечный огонь" ("the eternal flame"), rather kitschy but has good Amur views. The whole thing is labeled as the Ploshchad Slavy or the Square of Glory.

Dormition Cathedral (Khabarovsk Area)

The Dormition Cathedral of Khabarovsk (Russian: Градо-Хабаровский Успенский собор, Grado-Khabarovsky Uspensky sodor) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral. It is one of the largest churches in the Russian Far East, and was built in 2000-02 to a design by Yuri Podlesny, a local architect.
The five-domed church stands about 60 meters tall. Its design harks back to Konstantin Thon's design for the Annunciation Church in Saint Petersburg.

Khabarovsk Circus (Khabarovsk Area)

Khabarovsk Circus had a brand new home constructed a few years back, in impressive building in Gagerin Park. There will usually be guest performances from all over Russia or even China, as well as from a range of circus animals — including of course, bears.

Khabarovsk Station (Khabarovsk Area)

Khabarovsk Station is Trans-Siberian Railway station in the city.
Khabarovsk railway station, listed in most train schedules as Хабаровск 1, is a major stop on the Trans-Siberian Railway. There are several trains each day bound for Vladivostok (800 km) and Moscow (about 8500 km) along the main Trans-Siberian line. Other options include trains 035 or 386 to Blagoveshchensk, 325 for Tynda, 667 for Komsomolsk, 943 for Vanino - all on the Baikal-Amur Mainline.

Lenin Square (Khabarovsk Area)

The Lenin Square is the central square of the city. All the principal events of the city life have always taken place there. In the beginning upon the governmental projects the territory of the present square was occupied by a cemetery with a chapel. In 1884 the cemetery was closed and the territory was used for a hardstand.

Dacha (Khabarovsk Area)

A dacha (Russian: да́ча) is a seasonal or year-round second home, often located in the exurbs of Russian and other post-Soviet cities. A cottage (коттедж, kottedzh) or shack serving as a family's main or only home, or an outbuilding, is not considered a dacha, although recently purpose-built dachas have been converted to year-round residences, and vice versa. In some cases, dachas are occupied for part of the year by their owners and rented out to urban residents as summer retreats. People in dachas are colloquially called dachniks (дачники); the term usually refers not only to presence in dacha, but to a whole distinctive lifestyle.

Vladivostok

Vladivostok (Russian: Владивосто́к) is a city in Russia. It serves as the eastern terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway and a major Pacific port. Some travelers arrive here at the end or the beginning of a trip on the Trans-Siberian. But it has enough attractions and atmosphere to support a couple of days. The city held the APEC summit in September, 2012 and is under huge renovations and construction now.

Vladivostok Station (Vladivostok Area)

No matter by what kind of transportation you reach Vladivostok, you should visit its train station without fail. Located at the downtown, its gorgeous building is one of the oldest and most beautiful ones in Primorsky Krai's capital. Being recognized the unique engineering creation, train station's building has the status of historical and architectural monument of federal importance and is one of the most recognizable Vladivostok's symbols.

Russky Bridge (Vladivostok Area)

The Russky Bridge (Russian: Русский мост) is a bridge built across the Eastern Bosphorus strait, to serve the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation conference that took place in Vladivostok in 2012. The bridge connects the mainland part of the city (Nazimov peninsula) with Russky Island, where the main activities of the summit took place. The bridge was completed in July 2012 and opened by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. On September 3, 2012, the bridge was officially given its name.

Pokrovsky Park (Vladivostok Area)

The Pokrovsky Park is the green oasis at Vladivostok's center and one of Primorye capital's locals' and guests' most favourite recreation places. Youth, families with little kids and elderly couples come here to stroll along its shady alleys and rest from the town fuss. Park's unusual and mysterious history adds some attractiveness to it.

Primorsky Aquarium (Vladivostok Area)

The Primorsky Aquarium, that is without a doubt will be a unique facility. Beautiful exhibits, different interesting tours, educational programs for children and adults, marine mammal shows, the opportunity to interact with dolphins, comfortable leisure areas, beautiful territory with a diverse landscape including parks and waterfalls, shops and cafes — all these will make the aquarium one of the favorite places of leisure and entertainment for residents and guests of Vladivostok.

The Arsenyev Primorye Museum (Vladivostok Area)

The Arsenyev Primorye museum was founded in 1884 as the Museum of the Society for the Study of the Amur, and it brought together researchers, public figures, and collectors of the time. In 1890 the first building of the museum was opened for public.
The museum has about 600 thousand exhibits within the vaults; however, there are only 9 sites altogether. Therefore, the permanent exhibitions, devoted to the history and culture of the city and region, are often combined with temporary rotating shows.

Vladivostok Fortress Museum (Vladivostok Area)

Vladivostok Fortress is a complex system of unique fortifications, built in the end of the 19th–the beginning of the 20th centuries in Vladivostok, Russia.
Vladivostok fortress is the unique long-term complex of fortifications built in the late XIX - early XX century in Vladivostok and the surrounding area. When constructing the experience of the Russian- Japanese war was taken into account, so the castle is the most fortified of all the fortresses built and rebuilt at this time. Construction of the fortress is completed by about 2/3, the reason for that was the First World War and the October Revolution later. Fortress Features The fortress is one of the most powerful maritime fortresses in the world, created exclusively by Russian military engineers and builders, soldiers, combat engineers.

Russian Art Gallary and Women Monastery (Vladivostok Area)

The nationalities of Vladivostok and Primorye residents at the beginnings of the region’s history are extremely varied. The region was populated by resettlement from different parts of the Russian Empire: Ukraine, Moldova, the Baltic States, Poland, and Finland. Citizens from many foreign countries actively participated in developing the area, which led to a group of citizens with a patchwork of religious beliefs.

Chinise Market (Vladivostok Area)

In China, they like to remind you that they have their own name for Vladivostok: Hai Shen Wei, or Sea Cucumber Bay. Which is certainly interesting. The British also had their own name for Vladivostok: Port May, though it’s doubtful at that time a single English foot had ever touched this land.

In the late 19th century, when Vladivostok began to grow by leaps and bounds, the Koreans came to trade vegetables, the Japanese as servants for officers' wives, and the Chinese to purchase ginseng, antlers, fur, and sea cucumber. But the Chinese also came to do what they love, and are doing to this day: commerce. By the end of the 1930s, all foreigners had been evicted from the city due to the impending war. And in Vladivostok, only one word remained from the Chinese: «chifanit," meaning «to eat».
Therefore, in the 1990s when Chinese products began to arrive spontaneously in Vladivostok, the citizens, spellbound, watched the rapid rise and rapid decline of the Chinese markets.

What to eat in Russia

Borscht (Food)

Russian, Polish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, Romanian, and Ashkenazi Jewish cuisines. The variety most commonly associated with the name in English is of Ukrainian origin and includes beetroots as one of the main ingredients, which gives the dish a distinctive red color. It shares the name, however, with a wide selection of sour-tasting soups without beetroots, such as sorrel-based green borscht, rye-based white borscht and cabbage borscht.



Beef Stroganoff(Food)

Beef Stroganoff (Russian: бефстроганов) is a Russian dish of sautéed pieces of beef served in a sauce with Smetana (sour cream). From its origins in mid-19th-century Russia, it has become popular around the world, with considerable variation from the original recipe.






Russian Style Cutlet(Food) (Russian: котлета, kotolata)

Russian Style Cutlet (in Russian, котлета, pronounce kotolata) is a Russian traditional meet dish.
This name is coming from côtelette in French, originally this food was recognized as French dish. This dish is deeply fried meet bun topped with breadcrumbs, and very popular house dish in Russia. This dish is served in day and night. Simply order Kotolata in Russia, this type of cutlet is usually served.



Permeni(Food)

Pelmeni (Russian: пельме́ни) are dumplings consisting of a filling wrapped in thin, unleavened dough.
The dough is made from flour and water, sometimes adding a small portion of eggs.

The filling can be minced meat (pork, lamb, beef, or any other kind of meat), or fish. The mixing together of different kinds of meat is also popular. The traditional Udmurt recipe requires a mixture of 45% beef, 35% mutton, and 20% pork. Various spices, such as black pepper and diced onions as well as garlic, are mixed into the filling.


Pirozhki(Food)

Pirozhki (Russian: пирожки), also transliterated as piroshki (singular piroshok) or pyrizhky (Ukrainian: пиріжки), is a generic word for individual-sized baked or fried buns stuffed with a variety of fillings.