Where is Malaysia?
West Malaysia, the peninsula of Asian mainland's side, shares a border with Thailand and Singapore connected by a causeway and a big bridge. Also, West Malaysia has coastlines on the South China Sea and the Straits of Malacca.
East Malaysia, Borneo Island's side, shares borders with Brunei and Indonesia. Also has coastlines on the Sulu Sea.
Malaysia is well known as a Megadiverse country. The majority of the country is covered in rainforest with some forests believed to be 130 million years old, which hosts a huge diversity of plant and animal species. There are approximately 210 mammal species, 620 bird species, 250 reptile species, and 150 frog species found in Malaysia. Its large marine territory also holds a great diversity of life, with the country's coastal waters comprising part of the Coral Triangle.
The weather in Malaysia
Located near the equator, Malaysia's climate is categorized as equatorial, being stable hot and humid throughout the year. The average rainfall is 250 centimeters (98 in) in a year, and the average temperature is 80.6 °F.
Malaysia faces two monsoon winds seasons, the southwest Monson from late May to September, and the Northeast Monsoon from October to March.
Local climates are affected by the presence of mountain ranges throughout Malaysia, and climate can be divided into that of the highlands, the lowlands and coastal regions. The coasts have a sunny climate, with temperatures ranging between 73.4 and 89.6°F, and rainfall ranging from 10 to 30 centimeters(4 to 12 in) a month. The lowlands have a similar temperature, but follow a more distinctive rainfall pattern and show very high humidity levels. The highlands are cooler and wetter, and display a greater temperature variation. A large amount of cloud cover is present over the highlands, which have humidity levels that do not fall below 75%.
The currency of Malaysia is Malaysian Ringgit, issued by Bank Negara Malaysia. The symbol is RM, currency code, MYR.
To check the exchange rate for US Dollar or Japanese Yen, you could take the latest exchange rate from Bank Negara Malaysia website, http://www.bnm.gov.my/. Please take note that the actual rate at foreign currency exchange in town/airport would be lower than the shown rate on the web site.
Bank note for Malaysia ringgit, there are 6 types available, RM100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1. And 4 types coins, 50, 20, 10 and 5.
The maximum hand carry in/out amount is upon RM1000 only.
Kuala Lumpur (called simply KL by locals) is the federal capital and the largest city in Malaysia. The name meaning, “muddy river confluence” in Malay language. A busting metropolis of around 6.5 million (city-proper population of 1.8 million), it's a cultural melting pot with some of the world's cheapest 5-star hotels, great shopping, better food and some of nature's wonders in just an hour away.
KL, the dynamic city has much to offer for every visitor, like The Petronas Twin Tower, the nation's symbolic building of Malaysia, KL tower, to view whole KL city from 421 meters above the ground, KLCC Suria, Pavilions and Lowyat Plaza serve you great shopping.
Penang Island (Pulau Pinang)
Penang Island (In Malay Language, Pulau Pinang) is an island in Penang State. It was named Prince of Wales Island when the island was occupied by the British East India Company on 12 August 1786, in honor of the birthday of the Prince of Wales, later King George IV. The state capital, George Town, was named after the reigning King George III.
Visited by Somerset Maugham, Rudyard Kipling, Noel Coward and Queen Elizabeth II among many others, Penang has always been a popular tourist destination, both domestically and internationally. Penang is known for its rich heritage, The Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion in the 1880s by master craftsmen brought from especially China, The Temple of Supreme Bliss, the largest Buddhist temple in Southeast Asia, Pinang Peranakan Mansion, the roomer residence and office of Chinese Kapitan Chung Keng Kwee.
Also for foods, Penang is long known as the food capital of Malaysia, visitor can tastes the special cuisine reflects the Chinese, Nyonya, Malay and Indian ethnic mix.
Malacca (Malay: Melaka) is located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Straits of Malacca.
Malacca City, 148 kilometers (92 miles) south east of Kuala Lumpur, the historical city has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 07/Jul/2008. The city has numerous historical places and buildings, The Malacca Sultanate Place, Christ Church, an Anglican church built by Dutch in 18th century (shown on picture), Cheng Hoon Teng Temple, a Chinese temple.
Also, there is one famous spot for this city, its Jonker Walk. It's the Chinatown street in Malacca, and famous for walk free night market (Fri, Sat and Sun only) and Chicken Rice Ball restaurant. For the breakfast, you should try Pork Soup and Yam Rice (芋飯、肉美湯).
Welcome to the Top of the Borneo Island!
Mount Kinabalu is a prominent mountain on Sabah State, East Malaysia, Borneo Island, and protected as Kinabalu Park, a World Heritage Site. Mount Kinabalu is the highest mountain in Malaysia, also for Borneo Island as well. The summit (known as Low's peak) height at 4,096 meters (13,438 ft) above sea level.
The mountain and is surroundings are among the most important biological sites in the world, with between 5,000 and 6,000 species of plants, 326 species of birds, and more than 100 mammalian species identified. Among this rich collection of wildlife are famous species such as the gigantic Rafflesia plants and Orangutans.
Low's Peak can be climbed quite easily by a person in good physical condition and there is no need for mountaineering equipment at any point on the main route, still, the temperature above 3500m is about 0-10 degrees, thus, you have to wear warm.
Also, other peaks along the massif, however, require rock climbing skills.
Experience the legend. All divers dream is here.
Sipadan Island lies off the east coast of Malaysian Borneo in Sabah State, East Malaysia. The island is known above all for some of the best scuba diving spot in the world. From the main beach of the original resort it is a 20 meters wade over the reef to reach the top of the reef wall dropping 1000-2000 meter. This island is surrounded by very rich reef life consisting of both hard and soft coral as well as all manner reef fish. Sea turtles and white tip reef shark can be seen on almost every dive and hammerhead and leopard sharks also can be seen at times.
Visibility ranges from 10 m to 30 m and more, although this decreases on stormy rainy days. A lot of diving here consists of current or drift diving, with the currents around Barracuda Point being the strongest (at one point, you can get swept away quite quickly if you aren't careful). Your last dive of the day will generally be at a shallower site, around 15m. One of the dive sites includes a cave called the Turtle Tomb - if you are lucky and get a cave-certified dive master and torches, you may even be able to go into the dark for a cool and hair-raising experience (do follow instructions to the letter, or you may not be able to come back out!).
To protect the world best diving environment, Sipadan is now a protected site, only 120 divers are allowed daily (April 2013), also only Advanced Open Water Divers or entry level divers with a minimum of 20 log dives are allowed to dive in Sipadan. This is likely due to strong currents experienced at some dive sites, as well as instances of novice divers descending too rapidly and/or deeply.
The Island captivated a beautiful Dragon Princess.
Tioman Island is a small island in Pahang state, 32 kilometer (20 miles) off the east coast of the state. The island size is some 20 kilometers (12 miles) long and 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) wide only. The densely forested island is sparsely inhabited, and is surrounded by numerous coral reefs, making it a popular scuba diving spot. Also, these beaches, TIME Magazine selected Tioman as one of the world's most beautiful islands.
The most popular activities on Tioman are scuba diving and snorkeling. Some places offer rock climbing and abseiling. Jungle trekking between the villages has become more popular in the past years and there is also a trek to the 1000m high mountain "Gunung Kajang".
This island has one legend. Whilst a beautiful dragon princess flying to visit her prince in Singapore, the beautiful maiden stopped to seek solace in the crystal-clear waters of the South China Sea. Enraptured by the charms of the island, she decided to discontinue her journey and pledged to offer shelter and comfort to passing travelers.
Check yourself if this charming story is true or not.
Perhentian Island/Redang Island
The Perhentian Islands lies approximately 10 nautical miles (19 km) off the coast of northeastern Malaysia in the state of Terengganu, approximately 40 miles (64 km) south of the Thai border.
In contrast to the neighboring Perhentian Islands, Redang Island has a more upmarket image, as almost all accommodation on the island is resort-based. The largest beach is Pasir Panjang on the east side, featuring half a dozen resorts. The beach is covered with soft white sand. Coral and fish can be seen just a few metres from the beach. The other beach resorts are located in Teluk Dalam on the north and Teluk Kalong to the south. Redang has a tropical climate with temperatures steadily around 30 °C and frequent but brief thunderstoms. Like the rest of Malaysia's east coast, Redang is affected by the northeast monsoon from the South China Sea, so most resorts are closed and ferry transport schedules are severely restricted between November and February.
The 2000 film, Summer Holiday was filmed on the Laguna Redang Island Resort, and a replica of the tea house now serves as the resort's gift shop.
Activities on the Perhentians and Redang islands are basically limited to scuba diving, snorkeling, sea-kayaking, sunbathing and turtle conservation volunteering. Those with excess energy may attempt the jungle trails crisscrossing both islands.
Simple resort life with undeveloped island. Enjoy this quiet island with great nature.
Taman Negara National Park (Kuala Tahan National Park, in official term)
Taman Negara National Park is the largest national park in Peninsular Malaysia. It is famous for its rainforest, birds, and insects. From Kuala Lumpur, most of the visitor take long distance bus and it would take about 3-3.5 hour to boat harbor. The Park headquarters is at the southern tip of the Park directly across the river from the rapidly growing village of Kuala Tahan (4.3769555,102.3880494) through which most visitors enter the Park. Inside the Park are fairly easy boardwalk circuits with the option of traversing the longest rope walkway in the world through into serious 100km hikes. Visitors can enjoy the river and the tropical rainforest perhaps see some of the bountiful wildlife, (though with so many visitors it's not always easy to see) and it's also home to fairly undisturbed indigenous tribes.
The dry season runs from February to September, which is the best time to visit the park. The peak tourist season is from April to August.
In this national park, many of activities are available, example: canopy walk, jungle trekking, night jungle walking, visiting Kg. Orang Asli (Original people), Boat Cruse and fish feeding, Cave Exploration, even mountain climbing (Gunung Tahan, 2187m height), and Animal Observation.
Gunung Mulu National Park
Gunung Mulu National Park is in Sarawak on the island Borneo, near the border with Nation of Brunei. To get in this national park, the visitor usually takes air plane from Miri (big city in Sarawak State) or Kuching.
Named after the 2,377m Mount Mulu (Gunung Mulu), the park is famed for its limestone karst formations both above ground and underground. The massive cave systems, which contain the 12 million cubic meter Sarawak Chamber (the world's largest), are still in the process of being mapped. Clearwater Cave at 151 km (Feb 2007) is the 10th longest cave in the world.
The limestones belong to the Melinau Limestone Formation and are estimated to be 4000 to 5000m thick. In the south-east of Mulu Park sandstones are dominant. The highest relief in the region (Gunung Mulu) is located in these sandstones. Mulu's landforms are outstanding examples of erosional processes on both of these rock types (limestones and sandstones). Among the most remarkable karst features are the world's finest example of a karst collapse (The Garden of Eden) and the sharp pointed bladed limestone Pinnacles, some of which are 45m high on the northern end of Gunung Api. There are also numerous examples of cone karst and tower karst. Another interesting feature of the landscape is the drainage through deeply incised gorges (Sungai Melinau at Melinau Gorge and Sungai Medalam to the north) in the limestones.
Most visitors come to Mulu for the caves, but there are also good jungle and mountain trekking options in the area. Guides are obligatory for all cave visits and most treks.
Langkawi is officially known as the Jewel of Kedah, is an archipelago of 99 islands (an extra 5 temporary islands are revealed at low tide) in the Andaman Sea, some 30 km off the mainland coast of northwestern Malaysia.
The islands are a part of the state of Kedah, which is adjacent to the Thai border. On 15 Jul 2008, Sultan Abdul Halim of Kedah consented to the change of name to Langkawi Permata Kedah in conjunction with his Golden Jubilee Celebration.
Also, Langkawi is well known as a duty-free area.
There is effectively no public transport on the island, so your choices are to use taxis or to rent a car, motorbike/scooter, or bicycle to look around in the main island.
In this island, many of travel spot available, Beaches, Mountain, Waterfalls, Crocodile Adventureland, and duty free shops. Also, from Langkawi main island, many of jetty boat go to Andaman sea island are available. Example, for Lipe Island(Thai), Kuala Kedah(Malay), Kuala Pelis(Malay). For Lipe Island, the ferry is open from Oct to May only.
Johor Bahru (Called by locals JB) is the state capital of Johor in southern peninsular Malaysia, just across the causeway from Singapore. A bustling city but one with little of interest for the casual tourist, it is a significant regional transport and manufacturing hub.
Johor Bahru's metropolitan area can be easily divided into four parts - North, South, East and West.
South - The main city centre is located on the southern part of the city which has a link to Singapore via the causeway. It is an area with housing estates which have been around for more than three decades. Important estates include Taman Pelangi, Taman Century and Taman Sentosa.
The city itself is a giant hub for air, train, bus and boat. If you intend to travel Malaysia (peninsula or Borneo area), Singapore or Batam/Bintan Island(Indonesia), this city would be your transportation hub for your first step.
What to eat in Malaysia
Nasi Lemak (Food)
Nasi lemak is a Malay fragrant rice dish cooked in coconut milk and pandan leaf. It is commonly found in Malaysia, where it is considered the national dish. It is also popular in neighbor countries such as Singapore, Indonesia (especially in Eastern Sumatra), Brunei, and Southern Thailand.
Nasi lemak is considered one of the most famous dishes for a Malay-style breakfast. This Malaysian style rice dish was also recently voted one of the top 10 healthy breakfast foods by TIME magazine. For the Malaysia visitor, this dish is one of [Must Eat] dish.
Bak Kut Teh(肉骨茶)(Food)
Bak-kut-teh (also spelt bah-kut-the) is a meat dish cooked in broth popularly served in Malaysia and Singapore, where there is a predominant Hoklo and Teochew community.
The name literally translates as "meat bone tea", and at its simplest, consists of meaty pork ribs simmered in a complex broth of herbs and spices (including star anise, cinnamon, cloves, dang gui, fennel seeds and garlic) for hours. Despite its name, there is in fact no tea in the dish itself; the name refers to a strong Oolong Chinese tea which is usually served alongside the soup in the belief that it dilutes or dissolves the copious amount of fat consumed in this pork-laden dish.
Bak kut teh is usually eaten with rice or noodles (sometimes as a noodle soup), and often served with youtiao / cha kueh (strips of fried dough) for dipping into the soup. Soy sauce (usually light soy sauce, but dark soy sauce is also offered sometimes) is preferred as a condiment, with which chopped chilli padi and minced garlic is taken together. Bak kut teh is typically eaten for breakfast, but may also be served as lunch.
Roti Canai (pronunciation tʃanai) is a type of Indian-influenced flatbread found in Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and Singapore. It is often sold in Mamak stalls in Malaysia. It is known as Roti Prata in Southern Malaysia and Singapore, and is similar to the Indian Kerala Porotta.
In English and in Chinese, Roti Canai is sometimes referred to as "flying bread", a term that evokes the process of tossing and spinning by which it is made.
Traditionally Roti Canai is served with dhal (lentil curry) or any type of curry, such as mutton or chicken curry. However, the versatility of Roti Canai as the staple lends itself to many variations, either savoury or sweet, with a variety of toppings and fillings, which includes eggs, banana, sardines and onion.